Top 100 Children’s Novels (#19)
#19 Charlie and the Chocolate Factory by Roald Dahl (1964)
(#1)(#1)(#2)(#2)(#2)(#3)(#3)(#3)(#4)(#5) (#6)(#6)(#6)(#6)(#6)(#6)(#7)(#7)(#7)(#8) (#8)(#8)(#8)(#8)(#9)(#9)(#9)(#9)(#10) (#10)(#10) – 152 points
Need I say anything? Chocolate! Victory of the downtrodden! Humor! Digs at nasty kids! – Joan L. Raphael, Youth Collections Librarian, San Diego Public Library
Dahl’s dark wit and nasty jokes often keeps him in the Not-Good-Quality-Literature-Category for some librarians/academics, but oh my, do these books speak to children and their need to feel empowered and independent from adults sometimes. And man, are they funny! – Eliza Brown, Assistant Retail Manager, The Eric Carle Museum of Picture Book Art
There are few characters that you root for as hard as you do poor little Charlie Bucket. When will he find that golden ticket?! Even though we know he will (see book title), the suspense is painful with each unwrapping. And the moment where the doors open and the winners enter the chocolate room? Well, there’s nothing else like it on the printed page. – Amy (Media Macaroni)
I think that this could possibly be the most child-friendly book title in the whole world. It could have just been called "Chocolate Factory" and it would be just as amazing! – Kristen M. (We Be Reading)
Would have been higher on my list, but I blame Dahl for my fixation with chocolate – I’m still looking for the golden ticket. – Beth Maddigan, Provincial Children’s Librarian, Newfoundland and Labrador Public Libraries, St. John’s, NL
Madcap adventures from the master of wacky. – Lenore (Presenting Lenore)
The plot from the book’s bookflap reads, "Charlie Bucket, our hero, is honest and kind, brave and true, and very, very hungry. And he can’t believe his luck when he finds the very last of Mr. Willy Wonka’s Golden Tickets inside his chocolate bar. He and four other children – Augustus Gloop, Veruca Salt, Violet Beauregarde, and Mike Teavee – have each won the chance to enter Willy Wonka’s famous, mysterious chocolate factory. What happens when the big factory doors swing open to reveal Mr. Wonka’s secrets? What happens when they come upon the tiny factory workers who sing in rhyme? What happens when, one by one, the children disobey Mr. Wonka’s orders?"
Some hints as to the origins of this book are easy to locate in Dahl’s own past. In the Fall 1998 edition of Biography: An Interdisciplinary Approach, author William Todd Schultz writes, "At age nine, Dahl attended school near a sweets shop whose emissions he happily sniffed. An adolescence spent in an otherwise dreary English Public School was at intervals partially redeemed by the nearby Cadbury Company. Dahl and his lucky classmates sometimes got to taste test experimental chocolates, rating them and writing out their reactions. Dahl liked to imagine himself working there, ‘and suddenly I would come up with something so absolutely unbearably delicious that I would grab it in my hand and go rushing along the corridor and right into the office of the great Mr. Cadbury himself,’ who after tasting Dahl’s discovery would then leap from his chair crying, ‘ ‘You got it! We’ll sweep the world with this one!’." That story can be found in Dahl’s own book Boy: Tales of Childhood, by the way.
After writing it, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory became Dahl’s first real blockbuster hit, of course. Heck it sold out its first printing of 10,000 within a month.
And then there was the Oompa-Loompa problem. Grab ahold of a 1964 edition of this book and you’ll find it pretty different from the ones printed out today. After listening to some objections voiced from, amongst others, the NAACP, Dahl changed the Oompa-Loompas from black-skinned pygmies into short white guys of small stature. They now had "rosy-white" skin and "funny long hair" of the hue of "golden-brown". Along with that, the Oompa-Loompas no longer come from Africa. Nope. "Loompaland" is now their fair home. Dahl made the changes himself, but it was the only thing he ever changed in this book.
Like all Dahl books it occasionally gets challenged or banned. However, fascinatingly enough you will not find it on the ALA’s 100 Most Frequently Challenged Books of 1990–2001. Nope. The only books you’ll find there by Dahl are The Witches (#96 on our poll) and James and the Giant Peach (#33, and if you’re baffled by its inclusion, it’s because the caterpillar says, "You silly ass" or something along those lines at one point).
Scholars also love dissecting this book. They can’t resist! It gets to point where you start hearing about writers that see the book "as a libidinal, aggressive, and wildly indulgent fantasy that masks its true vision of guilt and death, of oral greed and excrement, with the guiltless sweet assurance of Wonka’s chocolate factory ." Um . . . I might pass on that one, thanks.
It should surprise no one that Dahl was just as good at short horror stories for adults as he was short horrific tales for kids. "Lamb to the Slaughter" is probably his best known, but as a child my class had to read "The Landlady" in sixth grade. I was shocked to find my beloved author doing a bloody good murder tale. Being a fan of Agatha Christie at that time, I knew exactly what it meant when your tea tasted like almonds.
Fun Fact #1: There was a sequel called Charlie and the Great Glass Elevator.
Fun Fact #2: It was nowhere near as good as its predecessor. In fact, not a single person placed it on their Top 10 list for this poll. I remember as a child being far more disturbed by the aliens in Charlie 2 than anything that went on in that chocolate factory in Charlie 1.
Fun Fact #3: That doesn’t mean I didn’t want a third Charlie and Willy Wonka book. In fact, I was entirely shocked when I discovered there were only two. It seemed like a gross oversight. I mean, there was so much more story to tell!
- Dahl’s influence has spread near and far. For example, there’s quite a prominent band out there called Veruca Salt.
The New York Times said it was, "Fertile in invention, rich in humor, acutely observant, [Dahl] depicts fantastic characters who are recognizable as exaggerations of real types, and situations only slightly more absurd than those that happen daily, and he lets his imagination rip in fairyland."
More covers are out there than I expected.
And, of course, the inevitable Quentin Blake plethora:
One from France too:
And, my favorite, the one from the Ukraine:
It was since turned into two movies. The first was given the strange name of "Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory" rather than "Charlie and the Chocolate Factory" because Quaker Oats, sponsoring the film, wanted to profit off of it by selling Wonka candy of its own. According to IMDB.com, Dahl originally wanted Spike Milligan to play Willy Wonka. All things considered (and I’m not a huge Spike Milligan fan) that would have been pretty faithful to the book. Joel Grey really would have been the MOST brilliant, since all you would have to do is slap a tiny goatee on him and he WOULD be WW. They eventually cast Gene Wilder, which was good since he’s the best darn thing about the film anyway. That and the music. Dahl, understandably, hated the movie. That’s why you haven’t seen any Willy Wonka animated television shows in your lifetime (yet).
It is impossible to show that Willy Wonka without showing this one as well (forgive the ad):
When Tim Burton wanted to remake the movie we all thought that might be a good thing. He was going to use the original Dahl lyrics in the music, after all. We were thrilled . . . before we realized that Burton was going to give Wonka a tragic backstory. Backstory? Backstory. If Dahl though the first Wonka film was too much about the man in charge of the factory, imagine what he would have thought about #2. In a recent letter in Entertainment Weekly (only the finest periodicals for me) a reader pointed out something about Tim Burton that I never quite realized before. Said David Glassner of West Hollywood "To me, Tim Burton movies like Charlie and the Chocolate Factory and Planet of the Apes are nearly unwatchable. On the flip side, Edward Scissorhands and The Nightmare Before Christmas are timeless classics. Anyone else see the pattern? I’ll take Burton’s vision over his version any day!"
I’m afraid the sound quality isn’t great on this one but there are worse sins in the world.
Filed under: Top 100 Children's Novels (2010)
About Betsy Bird
Betsy Bird is currently the Collection Development Manager of the Evanston Public Library system and a former Materials Specialist for New York Public Library. She has served on Newbery, written for Horn Book, and has done other lovely little things that she'd love to tell you about but that she's sure you'd find more interesting to hear of in person. Her opinions are her own and do not reflect those of EPL, SLJ, or any of the other acronyms you might be able to name. Follow her on Twitter: @fuseeight.
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